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Ancient African trade routes

Ancient Africa Trade Routes - Travelandculture Blo

  1. Trade was very important to the economy of the Ancient African Empires. The African Empires traded with other nations. The would take goods from Western and Central Africa and send them on the trade routes to Europe, India and the Middle East. The main goods that were traded were gold and salt
  2. Trade Routes Camels and camel trains opened trade between west and east Africa. Crossing the Sahara Desert was never easy. But camels made it possible
  3. Trans-Saharan Trade Routes: Ancient trade routes connected sub- Saharan West Africa to the Mediterranean coast. Among the commodities carried southward were silk, cotton, horses, and salt. Among those carried northward were gold, ivory, pepper, and slaves
  4. Start studying Ancient Africa Trade routes. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools
  5. The sands of the Sahara Desert could've been a major obstacle to trade between Africa, Europe, and the East, but it was more like a sandy sea with ports of trade on either side. In the south were cities such as Timbuktu and Gao; in the north, cities such as Ghadames (in present-day Libya)
  6. Correct answer: X Your answer: For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the Ancient Africa - Trade Routes webquest print page. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at Ancient Africa - Trade Routes . Back to History for Kids. Advertisement

Trans-Sahara Trade Routes - Ancient Africa for Kid

Gold Trade and the Kingdom of Ancient Ghana Around the fifth century, thanks to the availability of the camel, Berber-speaking people began crossing the Sahara Desert. From the eighth century onward, annual trade caravans followed routes later described by Arabic authors with minute attention to detail During the hey-day of trans-Saharan trade, between the 15 th and 18 th centuries all manner of goods were traded through these towns, including slaves, gold, salt, ivory, leather and ostrich plumes. But the abolition of the slave trade and the development of sea-borne trade routes from Europe to West Africa saw their gradual demise through the. A trade route is a logistical network identified as a series of pathways and stoppages used for the commercial transport of cargo. The term can also be used to refer to trade over bodies of water. Allowing goods to reach distant markets, a single trade route contains long-distance arteries, which may further be connected to smaller networks of commercial and noncommercial transportation routes Eritrea has a deep, ancient history, as it is home to Axum archeological sites. The nation, however, has a troubled present, as it's alienated from most neighbors despite being along one of the hottest trade routes on the Horn of Africa... Topics: Trade routes, Sahara, Civilization Pages: 2 (549 words) Published: March 30, 2013. African's were among the richest of people back in the 1000's. Effects of trade brought cities to faster than they rise. Great civilizations from Ghana to Zimbabwe both flourished but, had their tragic end

Ancient Africa Trade routes Flashcards Quizle

Multiple Trajectories of Islam in Africa Islam had already spread into northern Africa by the mid-seventh century A.D., only a few decades after the prophet Muhammad moved with his followers from Mecca to Medina on the neighboring Arabian Peninsula (622 A.D./1 A.H.). The Arab conquest of Spain and the push of Arab armies as far as the Indus River culminated in an empire that stretched over. This map is derived from the book Periplus of the Erythraean Sea. It depicts trade routes in the ancient world, ports in the Chera territory and other parts of India and the trade routes connecting them to other parts of the world along with the items of trade. The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea or Periplus Maris Erythraei was written sometime between the 1st and 3rd centuries CE by an unknown.

This video discusses the role that the Swahili and people of Great Zimbabwe had to play in the ancient eastern African trading network, which reached from as.. The trade route was in operation between the seventh and 14th centuries, expanding the more established trade route of the Silk Road between Europe and the Middle East. Gold was one of the most sought after resources from sub-Saharan countries, such as the ancient Kingdom of Ghana and regions of Sudan The Ancient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt, and Oualata were founded in the 11th and 12th centuries and served as important trade and religious routes for caravans across the Sahara European Trade Routes 1200-1400. Ancient West African Gold Trade Routes. This is a map of European trade routes from around the same time period as the map of trans-saharan trade routes. As you can see, there are many more routes than in West Africa, as there are more countries to trade to, and not a big desert in the middle

The list has a special focus on research and construction of accurate, correctable and interoperable geo/chrono-referenced electronic data-sets describing known land, river and maritime trade and pilgrimage routes of Eurasia and Africa between 10,000 BCE and approx. 1820 CE (i.e. from the end of the Ice Age till the revolution in transport. Camels facilitated trade across the harsh terrain, allowing large caravans to traverse the flourishing new trade routes. How did Mali fall? The Mali Empire collapsed in the 1460s following civil wars, the opening up of trade routes elsewhere, and the rise of the neighbouring Songhai Empire, but it did continue to control a small part of the. Saharan Trade Routes Ancient Read 1 During the Middle Ages, three powerful kingdoms rose in West Africa. As a result of trade links across the Sahara, each kingdom became wealthy and powerful. Each kingdom also developed a vibrant culture from the exchange of new ideas

Islamic North Africa became a diverse hub for mystics, scholars, jurists, and philosophers. Islam spread to sub-Saharan Africa, mainly through trade routes and migration. Ninth to Eighteenth Centuries. Precolonial Africa possessed as many as 10,000 different states and polities characterized by many sorts of political organization and rule THE USE OF ANCIENT AFRICAN SHIPS AND BOATS TO TRADE WITH THE AMERICAS Protohistoric, prehistoric and ancient Negritic Africans were masters of the lands as well as the oceans. They were the first shipbuilders on earth and had to have used watercraft to cross from South East Asia to Australia about 60,000 years ago and from the West Africa.

Trade Routes. The Roman Empire was criss-crossed with trade routes. There were sea routes that covered the Mediterranean and Black Seas and numerous land routes using the roads built by the Romans. Trade and moving the Roman Army around were the two principle reasons for building roads The trade routes were the communications highways of the ancient world. New inventions, religious beliefs, artistic styles, languages, and social customs, as well as goods and raw materials, were transmitted by people moving from one place to another to conduct business Access the Saharan Trade: A Link Between Europe and Africa to view the Saharan trade routes taken. Go to Ghana Empire. After reading the text, click on the map to enlarge it. Now go to Ancient Ghana Trade. 3. What trade item did the Western empire of Ghana control? What item did Saharan traders possess that West Africa needed? 4 Islamic scholars and African oral traditions tell us that all of these states had centralized governments, long-distance trade routes, and educational systems. Ancient Ghana The first polity that is known to have gained prominence was Ancient Ghana Indeed, its commercial position is being boosted by the new trade routes across the western Sahara desert being pioneered by local Berber tribes. The Bantu. By this date Bantu tribes occupy a huge stretch of territory, from the west African and Congo rain forests and the grasslands to their north, right across to the Great Lakes region

15th Century West Africa Trade Routes - ThoughtC

African Trade Routes: The Swahili Many historians will talk about African cultures such as Egypt, Nubia, Mali, Songhai etc. yet will over look what role these Africans played in the development of Trade Routes and how Africans many times developed their own routes of Trade via the Ocean, Rivers and across deserts Trade routes have developed since ancient times to transport goods from places of production to places of commerce. Scarce commodities that were only available in certain locations, such as salt or spices, were the biggest driver of trade networks, but once established, these roads also facilitated cultural exchange—including the spread of religion, ideas, knowledge, and sometimes even bacteria Trade is also playing a decisive role in Central and East Africa. Here, the Indian Ocean trade between Africa, Arabia and India has resulted in the rise of coastal city-states. Trade routes have spread inland, leading to the appearance of the wealthy and powerful Shona kingdom, centered on the famous urban center of Great Zimbabwe

THE ROLE OF TRADE ROUTES IN THE SPREAD OF CHRISTIANITY IN ASIA DURING THE FIRST MILLENNIUM Prepared as one of the requirements due for Student Teaching Practicum at Asia Baptist Theological Seminary (Baguio City, Philippines Branch) By Robert H. Munson Vice President of Training Dakilang Pag-Ibig DIADEM Ministries, Inc. November 2008 INTRODUCTION It is commonly thought that Christianity is a. The Silk Road was not an actual road, but a 4,000-mile long network of trade routes that connected China to Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. Very few people traveled the entire length of the Silk Road. Trade resembled a chain, with each trader and segment of the trade route representing a link in the chain Trade became a common central part of life.  Trade let kingdoms gain much power. Trade brought many resources that created new technology and religion. Kingdoms became richer, bigger, and smarter. Trade was the base of all culture, resources, and religion in ancient Africa. From trade, major religions spread to all kingdoms

Aztec Empire, Treaty of Tordesillas, African Slave Trade,

Video: Quiz: Ancient Africa - Trade Routes - Duckster

Ghana (ca

Commerce and Trade in Ancient Africa: Aksum

Control of Trade Routes. After 500, the West African kingdom that controlled the trade routes held the power in the region. In the ninth century, the ancient kingdom of Ghana controlled a region of goldfields called the Wangara, between the upper Niger and Senegal Rivers Trans-Sahara Trade Routes. Gold for Salt. Sundiata, the Lion King. Mansa Musa. African Religions. African Masks. Sounds of Africa (Drums) Symbols (mud cloth, more) African Arts. Maps & Geography. Sahara Desert. The Congo River. The Nile River. Rise of Islam. The Slave Trade. The San People. African Animals. Kwanzaa. Games about Africa (Games on.

West Africa was one of the world's greatest producers of gold in the Middle Ages. Trade in the metal went back to antiquity but when the camel caravans of the Sahara linked North Africa to the savannah interior, the trade really took off. A succession of great African empires rose off the back of the gold trade as salt, ivory, and slaves were just some of the commodities exchanged for the. Start studying Ancient Africa. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. West African kingdom that grew rich from taxing & controlling trade and established an empire in the 9th - 11th c. CE trade routes which crossed the Sahara desert. Tropical rain forest Ghana turned back the invaders, but many Muslims settled in West African towns and became merchants. Control of the trans-Saharan trade made Ghana wealthy and powerful. By the year 1000, Ghana's empire dominated the trade routes between North and West Africa. The Journey Sout The city of Gao, situated near the north bend of the Niger River, served as the capital city of the Songhai state in West Africa from the 11th century until the fall of the Songhai Empire at the end of the 16th century. Gao emerged as a powerful and wealthy political center located along the trans-Saharan trade routes and was a center for Islamic study in the 15th and 16th centuries

Ancient Trade Routes. Social Studies. Sixth Grade. Covers the following skills: The study of the past provides a representation of the history of communities, nations, and the world. That learning about the past requires the interpretation of sources, and that using varied sources provides the potential for a more balanced interpretive record of the past Introduction. Salt from the Sahara desert was one of the major trade goods of ancient West Africa where very little naturally occurring deposits of the mineral could be found. Transported via camel caravans and by boat along such rivers as the Niger and Senegal, salt found its way to trading centres like Koumbi Saleh, Niani, and Timbuktu, where. 300C.E. The introduction of camels allowed traders to establish trade routes across the Sahara Desert. By 400 C.E., gold from the southern forest was in North Africa. Trade expanded even more because of the spread of Islam into North Africa. In the seventh century, Muslims invaded Ghana's empire The Indian Ocean Trade began with small trading settlements around 800 A.D., and declined in the 1500's when Portugal invaded and tried to run the trade for its own profit. As trade intensified between Africa and Asia, prosperous city-states flourished along the eastern coast of Africa. These included Kilwa, Sofala, Mombasa, Malindi, and others

Commerce and Trade in Ancient Africa: Kush

African states played a key role in the slave trade, and slavery was a common practice among Sub Saharan Africans before the involvement of the Arabs, Berbers and Europeans. There were three types: those who were slaves through conquest, those who were slaves due to unpaid debts, or those whose parents gave them as slaves to tribal chiefs Trade in Ancient Africa. Picture the great Sahara Desert of North Africa in your mind: desert as far as the eye can see, with shiftless dunes meaning that there is no easy way to navigate trade, ceremonial centers, and monumental construction. Ancient and Modern African Civilizations Bonus Map: China and Japan sub-Saharan trade routes. Timbuktu and Gao (not to be confused with Goa, in India) were main centers of gold, ivory, salt, and copper In the 8th century CE, during the 'Golden Age' of Gulf commerce Oman stood at an important crossroads, on the route between China and Indian subcontinent in the east, Iraq in the north-west, and the Red Sea and East Africa in the south-west. During this time, the trade route from Baghdad to Guangzhou was perhaps the longest in the mediaeval. Africa's oldest domestic chicken bones are relics of ancient Red Sea trade route. by Gerry Everding, Washington University in St. Louis. Domesticated chickens, first introduced to Africa thousands.

2. $3.99. PPTX. Use this PPT to discuss the Trans-Saharan trade routes from their inception in ancient times through the rise of the Songhai Empire in 1450. This PPT covers material from before 1200 (the start point for the new AP course) but this provides important context and gives students an understanding abou Phoenician Sea and Land Voyages and Routes. Hanno, Himilco, Necho and others When the power of Carthage flourished, Hanno sailed round from Cádiz to the extremity of Arabia, and published a memoir of his voyage of his voyage, as did Himilco when he was dispatched at the same date to explore the outer coasts of Europe These nautical trade routes in ancient Greece generally passed through the Mediterranean Sea, the Aegean Sea and the Black Sea. The places of importance on these ancient Greece trade routes were Syracuse, Sicily, Greek Crete, and Cyprus. The ancient Greek trade routes expanded fast with the conquests of Alexander the Great Ghana, Mali, and Songhai were three of the greatest western African trading states. These three Western African states dominated the trade of gold, salt, and merchandise between North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa. These trades date back as early as 300 c.e and ended with the conquest of Songhai by Morocco in the 16th-century c.e

Trade in Ancient West Africa - Trading Gold for Salt

The Ancient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt, and Oualata were founded in the 11th and 12th centuries and served as important trade and religious routes for caravans across the Sahara. The ancient towns included settlements and structures that supported the social, cultural and economic life of the nomadic culture of the Western Saharan. West African Geography and Regional Influences. Sources. Geographical Motivations for Change. From the sixth through the sixteenth centuries, five major factors motivated change in the Western Sudan: expansion of reliable food production, the establishment and stabilization of governments, the creation of control over intra- and interregional trade routes and shifts in who exerted such power. It is to be hoped that both urban and rural people can combine their ancient skills and knowledge of farming, fishing, and livestock management with modern technology to reach higher standards of living in the years ahead. Maps Trade Routes of Ancient Mali. Mali Kingdoms . Language Each of the many ethnic groups in Mali has its own language However, the most influential effect of these trade routes was the spread of Islam throughout West and Central Africa. The empire of Mali rose in the early 13th century and soon expanded. The empire controlled all of the main trade routes throughout West Africa, which are collectively referred to as the Malian trade routes

ancient trade routes - archaeolink

Silk Road, ancient trade route, linking China with the West, that carried goods and ideas between the two great civilizations of Rome and China. Silk went westward. Wools, gold, and silver went east. China also received Nestorian Christianity and Buddhism (from India) via the route. Read more about the Silk Road here of modern Africa to compare locations of the kingdoms to modern countries. We are going to look at some early historical maps of Africa. Then we'll look at the trade routes from the 7th to 14th century that crisscrossed the Sahara Desert from the Middle East to North Africa and into West Africa. Finally, we will be look at map

Ancient Mali Gold Trade Routes - Ancient Mali Trade Routes

The best known of these ancient trade routes were those crossing the Sahara. For centuries, caravans of Arab and Berber traders transported African captives from sub-Saharan Africa, trekking along a series of arduous stages, to the slave markets of North Africa, the Mediterranean, Asia, and Europe The first long-distance networks of caravan routes and shipping routes were established by approximately 10,000 BC, between the early-urban settlements in lowland Mesopotamia; and by 8,000 BC, there were trade routes throughout Asia, Africa, and Europe -Ancient African traders first traded ivory, also it was from elephant tusks (Carr, 2016).-Ancient African traders also traded gold and furs which were exchanged for glass beads (Carr, 2016). -The most part of economy in Ancient Africa was the same as in Europe and Asia which were farming (Carr, 2016) Long distance trade contacts were therefore made through the Indian Ocean Coast with Asia and the Middle East, and also land routes were opened to enter ports on the East African coast. Arab and Swahili merchants plied these routes with merchandise such as glass beads, cloth, Chinese celadon and blue-on-white porcelain vessels

Summary: The Kingdom of Mali and the City of Timbuktu in

3 Short Response What led to West African settlements becoming important centers of trade? Support your answer with details from the text. Write Use the space below to write your answer to the question on page 69. HINT In your answer, try using phrases such as one cause was, a second cause was, and so on. Saharan Trade Routes Ancient Nevertheless, trade thrived here from the 700s to the 1500s. It continues to this day. 2 Long ago, Berber merchants established a network of trade routes across the Sahara. These routes linked markets in North Africa, the Middle East, and Europe with markets in West Africa. The merchants regularly crossed the Sahara to African Roman Empire: Road and Trade Network Roman Empire: Road and Trade Network A guide to using a map of the ancient Roman Empire. This map gives information about the Roman's road system throughout the empire and its primary maritime trading routes between the busiest and largest port cities within the empire

East Africa's Swahili Coast. The east coast of Africa experiences seasonally alternating 'trade' winds which have enabled sailing dhows to travel up and down the coast, fostering the movement of people and goods between the countries of Arabia, the Western Indian Ocean and East Africa for many centuries This trade route brings prosperity to Petra, a natural stronghold just north of the Gulf of Aqaba on the route from the Red Sea up to the Mediterranean coast. In the heyday of the kingdom of Israel, around 1000 BC, this important site is occupied by the Edomites - bitter enemies of the Israelite kings, David and Solomon What was the nature of trade in the region before Islam and what impact did the religion have on commerce? A desire to find answers brought me to the banks of the Niger River in 1993, to investigate an oasis with the magical name of Timbuktu and the ancient city of Gao, capital of the Songhai Empire

A Fascinating Map of Medieval Trade Route

The earliest of the 3 great West African states (emerging ca. 300 CE), Ghana equipped its armies with iron weapons and became master of the trade in salt and gold, controlling routes extending from present-day Morocco in the north, Lake Chad and Nubia/Egypt in the eat, and the coastal forests of western Africa in the south The fall of the Swahili Coast was mostly because of the decline in trade. The city-states began to decline with the incline of Portugese trade. The consequent disruption of the old trade routes made the Swahili cities obsolete. The Portugese wanted native Africans to have no share in African trade and set about conquering the Islamic city-states Their concept of the land whence these dark-skinned inhabitants derived sometimes comprised the whole African continent and sometimes only what is now Ethiopia. Only after Alexander the Great and the ascension of the Ptolemies to the throne of ancient Egypt late in the 4th century bc were the trade routes to Punt opened to the Greeks. Proven Ancient Trade Routes It's already been proven that American plants landed on the other side of the Pacific Ocean long before Columbus, including sweet potatoes and peanuts. There's a temple in Southern India with a sculpture of a goddess holding an ear of corn

Slave trade - New World Encyclopedia

9 Ancient African Kingdoms You Should Know About Rhino

Silk Road: The Ancient Trade Route that Changed the World. The Silk Road was the largest and the most important trade route in human history. It was pivotal to the economic, cultural, political, and religious interactions between the various regions of the Old World. The modern globalized world as we know it today could not exist without it For these reasons, African and American Indian slavery before the trans-Atlantic trade differed significantly from the chattel slavery systems that would later develop in the Atlantic World. Greek slave presenting infant to its mother, vase, Eretria, Ancient Greece, 470-460 B.C., courtesy of the National Archaeological Museum The map shows ancient Egyptian trade routes. A map titled Ancient Egyptian Trade. A key shows trade routes. Trade route on land is an orange line and Trade route on water is a dashed purple line. The Red Sea separates Africa and Asia. The Mediterranean Sea is South of Africa Which of the following religions was introduced into west Africa? What trade goods made the west African kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai rich and powerful? What was true of Islam in sub-Saharan Africa? It was introduced by Arab invaders in the 10th century. It spread along trade routes from the Middle East Skoura is located along one of Africa's most historic and legendary trading routes, lined by old fortified mansions (or Kasbahs) made of compacted clay.This ancient trans-Saharan and trans-Atlas caravan route connected the Malian empire (Timbuktu) on one end and Europe (primarily through the Mediterranean) via Fez in the north and also.

The Indian Ocean slave trade, sometimes known as the East African slave trade, was multi-directional slave trade and has changed over time.Africans were sent as slaves to the Middle East, to Indian Ocean islands (including Madagascar), to the Indian subcontinent, and later to the Americas.. There are many crucial differences between slavery in the Indian Ocean and Atlantic worlds, and the two. Achaemenid Empire, forged by Cyrus the Great, encompasses three continents: Asia, Africa and Europe. 3rd century BCE-2nd century CE: Emergence of Arabian kingdoms in southern Arabia as the result of important trade routes based on the Arabian monopoly of two prized goods of ancient times: frankincense and myrrh. These two resins only grow in. The Ancient Civilization of Kush-Meroitic Period. July 25, 2017. 0. 3679. The Kingdom of Kush regained power and wealth during the Meroitic period. They benefited from abundant gold and iron ore deposits which contributed to successful trade. In the 600s B.C. the Kushites were defeated by the Assyrians and lost their control over Egypt Ancient Maritime Route Between India, Egypt, Africa, China (350 BC) January 16, 2016 January 15, 2016 Archaeologists have unearthed the most extensive remains to date about ancient maritime from sea trade between India and Egypt during the Roman Empire, adding to mounting evidence that spices and other exotic cargo traveled into Europe over sea. But the end of the monsoon trade system did not spell the end of monsoon trade. Dhow on the Indian Ocean off Zanzibar. Even after the age of steam replaced the age of sail, dhows plied the routes between East Africa and the Persian Gulf, carrying African ivory, spices from Yemen, and pearls from Abu Dhabi

Economic history of Africa - WikipediaOld Town of Ghadames (Libya) | African World Heritage Sites

This occurred in West Africa with the trans-Saharan trade; and the social frameworks which emerged with this trade then became influential in shaping the early trans-Atlantic trade. So it is hard to understand the importance of trans-Saharan trade without understanding its importance for society, in terms of organisation and belief The Niger River: Ecosystems & Trade Routes in Africa (12th-16th Centuries) 5:42 The Ghana Empire in Africa (830-1235 CE) 4:43 The Mali Empire in Africa (13th-16th Centuries) 4:5

The overland Silk Road & ancient routes cross the Asian continent, from China in Asia, to Turkey and the Mediterranean, where the routes extend by sea to Europe, Arabia, and North Africa. Central Asia is the heart of the largest landmass on earth, known as Eurasia The Silk Route was a series of ancient trade networks that connected China and the Far East with countries in Europe and the Middle East. The route included a group of trading posts and markets. Today, some very popular trade goods are salt and gold. Ever since trucks came into the picture as part of the trade, this became a threat to the system of caravans with camels. Trucks could take bigger loads of trade goods and the process is much faster than it is for camels. Works Cited Ancient Africa Trade Routes. Ducksters. Web. 1 Apr.

Map of The Divided Kingdom (10th-6th century BCE)

The empire was the largest and last of the three major pre-colonial empires to emerge in West Africa, located in the modern countries of Senegal, Gambia, northwestern Nigeria and central Niger, covering 1.4 million square kilometers. Gao was established as the empire's capital city in the 11th century, and was a vibrant trade centre MessageToEagle.com - Ancient terracotta figurines unearthed in Ghana, have been analyzed for the first time by researchers from The University of Manchester, UK. The figurines were created by an unknown civilization and have become iconic representations of prehistoric African art. The items were found in Northern Ghana's Koma Land region during excavations conducted by an international [ This created the ancient spice trade route which transported spices from South East Asia to Europe. During this period Europeans explored Africa, the Americas, Asia and Oceania (modern day Australia, New Zealand and the South Pacific islands) The Portuguese, Dutch, French, Spanish, British and Japanese colonized and ruled the Asian region from. The network grew out of ancient regional routes and, by 2,000 years ago, connected Western Europe with East Asia. (Credit: Rick Johnson/Discover) During its peak, the trade network connected places as far-flung as China, Rome and southern African kingdoms such as Great Zimbabwe The history of marijuana closely follows migration patterns, conquests, and trade routes and has experienced varying degrees of acceptance and use throughout history. The plant originated in Central Asia and spread quickly throughout the world. Prior to domestication, the presence of cannabis in Mongolia, southern Siberia, the Huang He River valley, the Hindu Kush Mountains, South Asia, and.

The empire was the largest and last of the three major pre-colonial empires to emerge in West Africa, located in the modern countries of Senegal, Gambia, northwestern Nigeria and central Niger, covering 1.4 million square kilometers. Gao was established as the empire's capital city in the 11th century, and was a vibrant trade centre MessageToEagle.com - Ancient terracotta figurines unearthed in Ghana, have been analyzed for the first time by researchers from The University of Manchester, UK. The figurines were created by an unknown civilization and have become iconic representations of prehistoric African art. The items were found in Northern Ghana's Koma Land region during excavations conducted by an international [ This created the ancient spice trade route which transported spices from South East Asia to Europe. During this period Europeans explored Africa, the Americas, Asia and Oceania (modern day Australia, New Zealand and the South Pacific islands) The Portuguese, Dutch, French, Spanish, British and Japanese colonized and ruled the Asian region from. The network grew out of ancient regional routes and, by 2,000 years ago, connected Western Europe with East Asia. (Credit: Rick Johnson/Discover) During its peak, the trade network connected places as far-flung as China, Rome and southern African kingdoms such as Great Zimbabwe The history of marijuana closely follows migration patterns, conquests, and trade routes and has experienced varying degrees of acceptance and use throughout history. The plant originated in Central Asia and spread quickly throughout the world. Prior to domestication, the presence of cannabis in Mongolia, southern Siberia, the Huang He River valley, the Hindu Kush Mountains, South Asia, and.